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Initial Examination

The initial visit often lasts approximately 1 hour and will begin with a comprehensive consultation and complete health history.  There will be a thorough physical examination and a full review your pertinent medical records, X-rays and/or MRI studies. If further imaging studies are required, we will refer you to one of the local imaging centers, where a board certified radiologist will review the studies.  Following your examination, we will fully explain your situation and the treatment options available to you. We will strive to make sure all your questions are fully addressed.

What Treatment Will I Receive?

Conservative, non-operative treatment, including therapeutic exercise and manual therapy, is considered FIRST LINE intervention for painful spinal conditions (including spinal stenosis). These treatment protocols are recommended in the most recent systematic reviews.  We’ll help you to make an informed decision about what type of care you want to receive based upon your goals.

We treat many painful issues.

  • Arthritis of the Spine

  • Back Pain

  • Chronic Pain

  • Degenerative Disc Disease

  • Discogenic Back Pain

  • Facet Joint Pain

  • Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS)

  • Herniated Discs

  • Low Back Pain

  • Neck Pain

  • Radiculopathy - radiating symptoms to the arms, hands, legs, feet

  • Sacroiliac Joint Pain (SI Joint Pain)

  • Sciatica

  • Spinal Stenosis

  • Sprains and Strains

Physical Therapy
Physical Therapist
Senior Physiotherapy

Therapeutic Exercise

Dr. Croucher is a faculty member of the North American Spine Society Exercise Committee.  Movement and strengthening exercises are useful at decreasing pain and reducing fear of movement. While in our office, you'll recieve one-on-one coaching on proper form and monitor your progress throughout your treatment. Our philosophy is to prescribe user friendly exercises that can easily be performed at home. This will give you the tools to continue to progress.  

Manual Therapies

The goal of these hands-on techniques is to provide you with relief by decreasing inflammation and improving mobility in the areas of pain. Through the use of gentle stretching techniques, myofascial therapy, and various forms of mobilization, our doctors work diligently to ensure that you leave your appointment feeling better than when you came in.

Leg Injury

Instrument Assisted Manipulation.

Some of the procedures we perform are instrument assisted joint manipulations.  These procedures are performed with various hand held instruments that allow us to manipulate a specific joint in a very precise, comfortable and safe way.  These types of treatments can reduce joint pain and help restore range of motion. To the left is a video from Neuromechanical Innovations depicting an animation on how the Impulse IQ works.

Communication with your Doctor

With your consent, we will update your family doctor about your case with a full narrative report. If a referral to another specialist is required at any point, we’ll make sure the process is handled with ease and that everyone involved in your case is properly updated. Navigating where to go when you have spinal pain can be intimidating.  We will strive to make that process easy on you.

Smiling Male Doctor
    POLICY STATEMENT This Practice is committed to maintaining the privacy of your protected health information (“PHI”), which includes information about your medical condition and the care and treatment you receive from the Practice and other health care providers. This Notice details how your PHI may be used and disclosed to third parties for purposes of your care, payment for your care, health care operations of the Practice, and for other purposes permitted or required by law. This Notice also details your rights regarding your PHI. Use Or Disclosure Of Phi The Practice may use and/or disclose your PHI for purposes related to your care, payment for your care, and health care operations of the Practice. The following are examples of the types of uses and/or disclosures of your PHI that may occur. These examples are not meant to include all possible types of use and/or disclosure. Care – In order to provide care to you, the Practice will provide your PHI to those health care professionals directly involved in your care so they may understand your medical condition and needs and provide advice or treatment. For example, your physician may need to know how your condition is responding to the treatment provided by the Practice. Payment – In order to get paid for some or all of the health care provided by the Practice, the Practice may provide your PHI, directly or through a billing service, to appropriate third party payers, pursuant to their billing and payment requirements. For example, the Practice may need to provide your health insurance carrier with information about health care services you received from the Practice so the Practice may be properly reimbursed. Health Care Operations – In order for the Practice to operate in accordance with applicable law and insurance requirements and in order for the Practice to provide quality and efficient care, it may be necessary for the Practice to compile, use and/or disclose your PHI. For example, the Practice may use your PHI in order to evaluate the performance of the Practice’s personnel in providing care to you. AUTHORIZATION NOT REQUIRED The Practice may use and/or disclose your PHI, without a written Authorization from you, in the following instances: De-identified Information – Your PHI is altered so that it does not identify you and, even without your name, cannot be used to identify you. Business Associate – To a business associate, who is someone the Practice contracts with to provide a service necessary for your treatment, payment for your treatment and/or health care operations (e.g., billing service or transcription service). The Practice will obtain satisfactory written assurance, in accordance with applicable law, that the business associate will appropriately safeguard your PHI. Personal Representative – To a person who, under applicable law, has the authority to represent you in making decisions related to your health care. Public Health Activities – Such activities include, for example, information collected by a public health authority, as authorized by law, to prevent or control disease, injury or disability. This includes reports of child abuse or neglect. Federal Drug Administration – If required by the Food and Drug Administration to report adverse events, product defects, problems, biological product deviations, or to track products, enable product recalls, repairs or replacements, or to conduct post marketing surveillance. Abuse, Neglect or Domestic Violence – To a government authority, if the Practice is required by law to make such disclosure. If the Practice is authorized by law to make such a disclosure, it will do so if it believes the disclosure is necessary to prevent serious harm or if the Practice believes you have been the victim of abuse, neglect or domestic violence. Any such disclosure will be made in accordance with the requirements of law, which may also involve notice to you of the disclosure. Health Oversight Activities – Such activities, which must be required by law, involve government agencies involved in oversight activities that relate to the health care system, government benefit programs, government regulatory programs and civil rights law. Those activities include, for example, criminal investigations, audits, disciplinary actions, or general oversight activities relating to the community’s health care system. Judicial and Administrative Proceeding – For example, the Practice may be required to disclose your PHI in response to a court order or a lawfully issued subpoena. Law Enforcement Purposes – In certain instances, your PHI may have to be disclosed to a law enforcement official for law enforcement purposes. Law enforcement purposes include: (1) complying with a legal process (i.e., subpoena) or as required by law; (2) information for identification and location purposes (e.g., suspect or missing person); (3) information regarding a person who is or is suspected to be a crime victim; (4) in situations where the death of an individual may have resulted from criminal conduct; (5) in the event of a crime occurring on the premises of the Practice; and (6) a medical emergency (not on the Practice’s premises) has occurred, and it appears that a crime has occurred. Coroner or Medical Examiner – The Practice may disclose your PHI to a coroner or medical examiner for the purpose of identifying you or determining your cause of death, or to a funeral director as permitted by law and as necessary to carry out its duties. Organ, Eye or Tissue Donation – If you are an organ donor, the Practice may disclose your PHI to the entity to whom you have agreed to donate your organs. Research – If the Practice is involved in research activities, your PHI may be used, but such use is subject to numerous governmental requirements intended to protect the privacy of your PHI such as approval of the research by an institutional review board, the de-identification of your PHI before it is used, and the requirement that protocols must be followed. Avert a Threat to Health or Safety – The Practice may disclose your PHI if it believes that such disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the health or safety of a person or the public and the disclosure is to an individual who is reasonably able to prevent or lessen the threat. Specialized Government Functions – When the appropriate conditions apply, the Practice may use PHI of individuals who are Armed Forces personnel: (1) for activities deemed necessary by appropriate military command authorities; (2) for the purpose of a determination by the Department of Veteran Affairs of eligibility for benefits; or (3) to a foreign military authority if you are a member of that foreign military service. The Practice may also disclose your PHI to authorized federal officials for conducting national security and intelligence activities including the provision of protective services to the President or others legally authorized. Inmates – The Practice may disclose your PHI to a correctional institution or a law enforcement official if you are an inmate of that correctional facility and your PHI is necessary to provide care and treatment to you or is necessary for the health and safety of other individuals or inmates. Workers’ Compensation – If you are involved in a Workers’ Compensation claim, the Practice may be required to disclose your PHI to an individual or entity that is part of the Workers’ Compensation system. Disaster Relief Efforts – The Practice may use or disclose your PHI to a public or private entity authorized to assist in disaster relief efforts. Required by Law – If otherwise required by law, but such use or disclosure will be made in compliance with the law and limited to the requirements of the law. Authorization Uses and/or disclosures, other than those described above, will be made only with your written Authorization, which you may revoke at any time. Appointment Reminders / Correspondance The Practice may, from time to time, contact you to provide appointment reminders. The reminder may be in the form of a letter, text or postcard. The Practice will try to minimize the amount of information contained in the reminder. The Practice may contact you by phone and, if you are not available, the Practice will leave a message for you. The Practice may also send you birthday and other holiday correspondence. TREATMENT ALTERNATIVES/BENEFITS The Practice may, from time to time, contact you about treatment alternatives it offers, or other health benefits or services that may be of interest to you. CONVERSATIONS IN THE OFFICE If you would like a private consultation with the Doctor or staff member you may let the staff know and one will be scheduled for you to take place in a private office. The Practice may comment on the general terms of your status and progression in response to inquiries made about your wellbeing by the individual(s) who referred you to our office, friends and/or family members. YOUR RIGHTS You have the right to: Revoke any Authorization, in writing, at any time. To request a revocation, you must submit a written request to the Practice’s Office Manager. Request restrictions on certain use and/or disclosure of your PHI as provided by law. However, the Practice is not obligated to agree to any requested restrictions. To request restrictions, you must submit a written request to the Practice’s Office Manager. In your written request, you must inform the Practice of what information you want to limit, whether you want to limit the Practice’s use or disclosure, or both, and to whom you want the limits to apply. If the Practice agrees to your request, the Practice will comply with your request unless the information is needed in order to provide you with emergency treatment. Receive confidential communications of PHI by alternative means or at alternative locations. You must make your request in writing to the Practice’s Privacy Officer. The Practice will accommodate all reasonable requests. Inspect and copy your PHI as provided by law. To inspect and copy your PHI, you must submit a written request to the Practice’s Office Manager. In certain situations that are defined by law, the Practice may deny your request, but you will have the right to have the denial reviewed. The Practice may charge you a fee for the cost of copying, mailing or other supplies associated with your request. Amend your PHI as provided by law. To request an amendment, you must submit a written request to the Practice’s Office Manager. You must provide a reason that supports your request. The Practice may deny your request if it is not in writing, if you do not provide a reason in support of your request, if the information to be amended was not created by the Practice (unless the individual or entity that created the information is no longer available), if the information is not part of your PHI maintained by the Practice, if the information is not part of the information you would be permitted to inspect and copy, and/or if the information is accurate and complete. If you disagree with the Practice’s denial, you have the right to submit a written statement of disagreement. Receive an accounting of non-routine disclosures of your PHI as provided by law. To request an accounting, you must submit a written request to the Practice’s Office Manager. The request must state a time period which may not be longer than six years and may not include the dates before April 14, 2003. The request should indicate in what form you want the list (such as a paper or electronic copy). The first list you request within a 12 month period will be free, but the Practice may charge you for the cost of providing additional lists in that same 12 month period. The Practice will notify you of the costs involved and you can decide to withdraw or modify your request before any costs are incurred. Receive a paper copy of this Privacy Notice from the Practice upon request. To file a complaint with the Practice, please contact the Practice’s Office Manager. All complaints must be in writing. If your complaint is not satisfactorily resolved, you may file a complaint with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights. Our Office Manager will furnish you with the address upon request. To obtain more information, or have your questions about your rights answered, please contact the Practice’s Privacy Officer. PRACTICE’S REQUIREMENTS The health care office: Is required by law to maintain the privacy of your PHI and to provide you with this Privacy Notice upon request. Is required to abide by the terms of this Privacy Notice. Reserves the right to change the terms of this Privacy Notice and to make the new Privacy Notice provisions effective for all of your PHI that it maintains. Will not retaliate against you for making a complaint. Must make a good faith effort to obtain from you an acknowledgement of receipt of this Notice. Will post this Privacy Notice in its lobby and on the Practice’s web site, if the Practice maintains a web site.
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